Domain name signifies an address that helps users remember your brand and easily access your website by putting it in different search engines. There are millions of registered domain names, and this article will discuss the different types of them.

We will also describe NZ Domain Hosting in detail and how they work to help you  buy Domain Name in NZ and select the ideal domain extension for your business.

What are Domain Names?

A Domain Name, a unique address for websites, serves as the online identity of a website. It is similar to a physical address for a home but for the web. Just as an address helps people find and navigate to a specific location, a domain name tells web browsers where to go to display a website. When registering your NZ Domains, you must contact the NZ Domain Registrar.

How Do Domain Names Work?

The working principle of a domain name is relatively simple and consists of three parts. Let’s use the example “” to illustrate:

  • The “www” in the example is the subdomain.
  • The “example” represents the main domain name
  • The “.com”  is the domain extension or top-level domain (TLD).

When a user enters a domain name in a web browser, the browser requests a domain name server (DNS) to find the corresponding IP address associated with that domain. 

The DNS then directs the user’s request to the appropriate web server, which hosts the website associated with the domain name. 

The web server then sends the requested web page back to the user’s browser, allowing them to access the website.

  • TLD: Top-Level Domain

A top-level domain (TLD) is the domain extension used in a website’s URL. It indicates the purpose or category of the website. Various TLDs are available, but the most popular one is .com, used by over 54% of all websites. You can opt for our preferred TLC from the Domain Name Registry.

There are five types of TLDs:

Types of TLDsFull FormExamples
gTLDGeneric Top-level; .org; .net; .info
sTLDSponsored Top-level; .gov; .cat; .travel
ccTLDCountry Code Top-level; .es; .fr; .it
ARPAAddress and Routing Parametre AreaThe .arpa is exclusively used for technical infrastructure purposes, managed by IANA
tTLDTest Top-Level Domains.example; .invalid; .localhost; .test
  • Second-Level Domain

The second level in a domain’s hierarchy represents the specific location of a website. The root domain combines a unique domain name and a TLD, forming a complete website address. The root domain represents the highest page in a site’s hierarchy, such as the homepage.

  • Subdomain

A subdomain is a separate division within a parent domain that shares the same servers. Commonly, the “www” in URLs is a subdomain that indicates a site’s presence on the World Wide Web. Subdomains are used to organise and categorise web content into separate sections.


Approximately every day, 33,000 new domain name registrations happen, which clearly shows how important it is to register a domain for your business’s online identity. So, choosing a domain that stands out and represents your brand effectively in the ever-growing online landscape is essential.